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Banksia ilicifolia R.Br.
Holly-leaved Banksia

Trans.Linn.Soc.London 10:211 (1810)
Conservation Code
Not threatened
Naturalised Status
Native to Western Australia
Name Status

Erect tree or shrub, to 12 m high, with epicormic buds. Fl. red/orange/yellow/cream, Jan to Dec. White or grey sand, black sandy loam, limestone, granite, quartz. Consolidated dunes or low-lying flats.

Amanda Spooner, Descriptive Catalogue, 28 June 2006

Scientific Description

Trees, 3-8 m high; branchlets glabrous or hairy. Leaves petiolate, alternate, 40-80 mm long, 30-45 mm wide, hairy; petiole 0 mm long; lamina flat, clearly widest above the middle, once divided, pinnately divided, entire or shallowly divided, teeth distinctly pointing towards the apex or teeth pointing outwards, with 3-10 lobes on each side, the margins flat. Inflorescences tomentose (with matted or tangled, soft, woolly hairs), yellow or red; innermost bracts 5-6 mm long, hairy. Perianth 27-36 mm long, hairy, all over, limb apex pubescent (with soft, straight, erect hairs), without awns; pistil 28-40 mm long, straight, style hairy. Follicles hairy, tomentose (with matted or tangled, soft, woolly hairs), elliptic, 14-20 mm long. Flowers in January, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November or December. Occurs in the South-west (SW) Botanical Province(s), in the Swan Coastal Plain (SWA), Jarrah Forest (JF), Warren (WAR) or Esperance Plains (ESP) IBRA subregion(s).

C. Hollister and K.R. Thiele, 19 January 2024


IBRA Regions
Esperance Plains, Jarrah Forest, Swan Coastal Plain, Warren.
IBRA Subregions
Dandaragan Plateau, Fitzgerald, Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth, Southern Jarrah Forest, Warren.
IMCRA Regions
Leeuwin-Naturaliste, WA South Coast.
Local Government Areas (LGAs)
Albany, Augusta Margaret River, Bayswater, Bunbury, Busselton, Capel, Cockburn, Collie, Dandaragan, Denmark, Gingin, Harvey, Kalamunda, Kwinana, Mandurah, Manjimup, Melville, Mundaring, Murray, Nannup, Perth, Plantagenet, Serpentine-Jarrahdale, South Perth, Swan, Wanneroo, Waroona.