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Casuarina cunninghamiana Miq.

Revis.crit.Casuar. 56,Tab.6A (1848)
Conservation Code
Not threatened
Naturalised Status
Alien to Western Australia
Name Status

Tree, 5-9 m high. Loam over granite. Eucalyptus woodland, on edge of creek.

Helen Coleman, Descriptive Catalogue, 9 October 1998


IBRA Regions
Jarrah Forest, Swan Coastal Plain.
IBRA Subregions
Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth.
Local Government Areas (LGAs)
Joondalup, Melville, Mundaring, Stirling.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)

General Biology. Growth form. Tree. Reproduction. Seed. Dispersal. Wind, water. Time to first flowering. 4+ years. Vegetative regeneration strategy. Young plants will resprout from base. Seedbank persistence. Short, days-1 year. Fire response. Hot fire will kill most individuals, young plants can occasionally resprout from the base. If not killed by fire, mature plants will produce epicormic growth.

Notes. Can hybridise with Casuarina glauca. Seed is held in the canopy until mature and then realeased over a six month period through winter/spring.

Additional information. Origin. Eastern Australia. History of use/introduction. Garden escape, restoration plantings.

Suggested method of management and control. Hand pull seedlings. Fell mature plants. Cut and paint young plants with 50% glyphosate. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Flowering   O Y Y Y O              
Fruiting   O Y Y Y O              
Optimum Treatment Y Y Y Y           Y Y Y  

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.



  • Brown, K. & Brooks, K. (2002) Bushland Weeds: A Practical Guide to their Management. Environmental Weeds Action Network, Greenwood.
  • Elfers, S.C. (1988) Element stewardship abstract for Casuarina equisetifolia. The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, USA. URL: - Accessed December 2007.
  • Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Dodd, J., Lloyd, S.G. & Cousens, R.D. (2007) Western Weeds. A guide to the weeds of Western Australia. 2nd Edition. The Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Victoria Park.
  • Navie, S. & Adkins, S. (2008) Environmental Weeds of Australia, An interactive identification and information resource for over 1000 invasive plants. Centre for Biological Information Technology, The University of Queensland.
  • NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (2002) NSW Flora Fire Response Database, version 1.3a. URL: - Accessed May 2009.
  • Snyder, S.A. (1992) Casuarina spp. In U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. Fire Effects Information System. URL: - Accessed December 2007.
  • Woolfrey, A.R. & Ladd, P.G. (2001) Habitat preference and reproductive traits of a major Australian riparian tree species (Casuarina cunninghamiana). Australian Journal of Botany, 49 (6): 705-715.