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Pinus pinaster Aiton
Pinaster Pine

Hort.Kew. 3:367 (1789)
Conservation Code
Not threatened
Naturalised Status
Alien to Western Australia
Name Status

Tree or (conifer), 2-40 m high, monoecious; leaves in pairs, 15-30 cm long; cones with numerous scales; seeds winged. Fl. Sep to Oct. Sand, grey sandy clay, loam. Gentle slopes, edge of tracks, disturbed land.

Amanda Spooner, Descriptive Catalogue, 3 November 1997


IBRA Regions
Avon Wheatbelt, Jarrah Forest, Swan Coastal Plain.
IBRA Subregions
Katanning, Northern Jarrah Forest, Perth, Southern Jarrah Forest.
IMCRA Regions
WA South Coast.
Local Government Areas (LGAs)
Albany, Armadale, Augusta Margaret River, Busselton, Cuballing, Esperance, Gingin, Harvey, Manjimup, Murray, Serpentine-Jarrahdale, Waroona, Woodanilling.

Management Notes (for the Swan NRM Region)

General Biology. Growth form. Tree. Reproduction. Seed. Dispersal. Wind, birds. Time to first flowering. 7 years. Vegetative regeneration strategy. Does not resprout or produce root suckers. Woody structure. Non porous. Seedbank persistence. Short, days-1 year. Fire response. Hot fire will kill mature trees, cooler fire will only kill younger trees. Following fire seed is released from cones and mass germination occurs in the post fire environment.

Additional information. Origin. Mediterranean Region, north-western Africa. History of use/introduction. Commercial plantations.

Suggested method of management and control. Hand pull or dig out seedlings ensuring removal of main root. Fell mature plants below any branches. Monitor site for seedling recruitment. Read the manufacturers' labels and material safety data sheets before using herbicides. For further information consult the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority to determine the status of permits for your situation or state.

Management Calendar

Calendar Type Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Comments
Flowering               O Y Y O    
Fruiting Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y  
Germination       Y Y Y Y            
Optimum Treatment Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y  

Legend: Y = Yes, regularly, O = Occasionally, U = Uncertain, referred by others but not confirmed.



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